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Visualizing Diffusion Patterns (Jan. 2004 - present)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU
Collaborators: Shashikant Penumarthy


This project aims to develop analysis methods and visualization techniques to track and visualize the diffusion of materialistic (objects, people, etc.) and non-materialistic (ideas, fitness, etc.) over space and time.


  • Katy Börner and Shashikant Penumarthy. Social Diffusion Patterns in Three-Dimensional Virtual Worlds. Information Visualization journal, vol. 2, no 3, pp. 182-198, 2003. pdf
  • Katy Börner & Shashikant Penumarthy. Maps of Virtual Worlds. In Information Design Source Book. IIDj Institute for Information Design Japan (Ed.), Graphic-Sha, Japan, Oct. 2003.
  • Katy Börner, Richie Hazlewood & Sy-Miaw Lin: Visualizing the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of User Interaction Data Collected in Three-Dimensional Virtual Worlds. Sixth International Conference on Information Visualization, London, England, July 10-12, 2002, IEEE Press, pp. 25-31.
top Process Models of Scientific Structure and Evolution (Jan. 2003 - present)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU
Collaborators: Jeegar Maru & Nidhi Sobti, CS, IU


Many researchers have worked towards an understanding of the structure and evolution of mankind's scientific endeavor. However, it is just today that (1) high-volume, high-quality data sets of scientific output such as publications, patents, grants are available, (2) algorithms are scaling and are able to handle this enormous, continuous stream of data, and (3) computers are capable of processing large data amounts.

Most research in Bibliometrics, Scientometrics, or Knowledge Domain Visualizations has focused on the generation of 'descriptive models' that aim to describe the major features of a data set. This project aims to design 'explanatory models' of scientific structure and evolution that conform to the measured data in terms of resulting citation, co-author, etc. networks but also at the level where the more elementary mechanisms are observable and verifiable.

Supported by: NSF SES Major Research Instrumentation Grant. Aug. 2002-July 2007.


top Mining and Visualizing a Stream of Live Data (DMVLive) (Oct. 2003 - present)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU
Collaborators: Elijah Wright & Ketan Mane, SLIS, IU & Shashikant Penumarthy, CS, IU


The analysis and visualization of live data requires novel ways to harvest, store, mine, and visualize information. DMVLive aims to develop algorithms and techniques that can process a stream of data harvested from a large number of continously operating, heterogeneous sources. Three data sets are choosen for validation: Document data, user logs collected in 3D virtual worlds, and Web blog data.


top TerraVis (Jan. 2003 - present)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU


The large scale mapping of knowledge domains requires access to and the analysis of Terra byte size data sets. This project aims to create a terra-scale data-code-computing resource by utilizing techniques developed by the grid community (see Grid.org projects like Cancer Research, Anthrax Research, Smallpox Research Project, or IBM's Deep Thunder) as well as for peer-to-peer (P2P) applications such as Seti@Home, Astropulse, or Kazaa and hoping for a convergence of the two fields (see recent article by Foster & Iamnitchi).

With support from UITS and SLIS and in collaboration with colleagues from the IR community we are currently creating a Mini-Grid infrastructure for IV and IR research and education. Under consideration are SUN's Grid Engine, TurboWorx, Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing, LimeWire (BOINC), Condor, Butterfly.net, Twisted and others. This Mini-Grid will be able to scale by harvesting compute cycles from idle (home) computers via a P2P infrastructure, e.g., using XtremWeb. Conforming with Jim Gray's article on Distributed Computing Economics we will aim to put the computation near the data.

Supported by: SLIS at IU

top Data (Aug. 2002 - present)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU & Keith Andy Ngolley, CS, IU
Collaborators: Javed Mostafa, SLIS, IU


This project will create a unique data-software-computing infrastructure for research and teaching in information retrieval and visualization. The document database will provide access to about 4,500,000 documents (books, journals, proceedings, doctoral and masters theses, technical reports, patents, grants) covering both cross-disciplinary research  and specific knowledge domains. Bearing in mind that the ACM portal and CiteSeer currently provide access to about 361,400 and 507,800 documents respectively; this database is unique in its size and coverage.

Most of the documents will be available in full text, enabling the extraction and utilization of citation links and citation contexts.

Metadata schemas, like the Dublin Core and the Resource Description Framework (RDF), will be employed to provide an interoperable way to represent meaning with data.
Software that facilitates a continuous, automatic update of the database will be in place.
Data analysis and visualization software modules such as utility, data analysis, dimensionality reduction, and visualization programs will run on IUÕs Sun E10000 Research System (Solar), a shared memory, multiprocessor system with 64 400MHz CPUs and 64GB memory.

Supported by: UITS at IU

top Building Blocks for Virtual Worlds: Design Principles for a Starter Kit for Educational Virtual Worlds (Aug. 2002 - March 2003)

Investigator: Katy Börner & Elijah Wright, SLIS, IU & Shashikant Penumarthy, CS, IU
Collaborators: Margaret Corbit, Cornell University and Bonnie DeVarco, VLearn3D SIG of Contact Consortium


Project Web Page

Supported by: Cennter for Innovative Learning Technologies (CILT) grant no. EIA-0124012 from the National Science Foundation to SRI International under subcontract to Indiana University.




  • Katy Börner, Jun Lee, Gyeongja, Penumarthy, Shashikant and Jones, Ryan Johnathan. (2004). Visualizing the VLearn3D 2002 Conference in Space and Time. In Visualization and Data Analysis, San Jose, CA, SPIE-IS&T, Vol. 5295, pp. 24-32. pdf
  • Katy Börner, Margaret Corbit, and Bonnie DeVarco (2002). Building Blocks for Virtual Worlds. CILT Seed Grant Interim Report. pdf
  • Visualization of the AVATARS! Conference in 2002.
  • Katy Börner, Shashikant Penumarthy, Bonnie Jean DeVarco, and Carol Kerney (2003). Visualizing Social Patterns in Virtual Environments on a Local and Global Scale. Accepted for Digital Cities 3: Local information and communication infrastructures: Experiences and challenges, Amsterdam, September 19-21. To be published by Springer.
top Visualizing Knowledge Domains (Aug 2001 - present)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU

This project aims to demonstrate the utility of advanced data mining and information visualization techniques to support science and technology management. Large amounts of, e.g., publication, patent, and grant data are analyzed, correlated, and visualized to map the semantic space of researchers, publications, funding, etc.. The resulting visualizations can be utilized to objectively identify major research areas, experts, institutions, grants, publications, journals, etc. in a research area of interest. In addition, they can assist identify interconnections, the import and export of research between fields, the dynamics (speed of growth, diversification) of scientific fields, scientific and social networks, and the impact of strategic and applied research funding programs among others. This knowledge is not only interesting for funding agencies but also for companies, researchers, and society.

I was the Associate Organizer for an Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains (lead by Richard Shiffrin) sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences.

Supported by: Outstanding Junior Faculty Award 2004. Pervasive Technology Labs Fellowship.
CAREER: Visualizing Knowledge Domains. NSF IIS-0238261 award. nsf logo2004 grant report


  • Boyack, Kevin W., Mane, Ketan K. and Börner, Katy. (2004). Mapping Medline Papers, Genes, and Proteins Related to Melanoma Research. IV2004 Conference, London, UK, pp. 965-971.pdf
  • Kutz, Daniel O. (2004) Examining the Evolution and Distribution of Patent Classifications. IV2004 Conference, London, UK, pp. 983-988. pdf
  • Shiffrin, Richard M. and Börner, Katy. (2004) Introduction: Mapping Knowledge Domains. PNAS, 101(Suppl_1):5183–5185. pdf
  • Jesse M. Heines, Katy Börner, Melody Ivory, and Ed Gehringer. (2003) The Development, Maintenance, and Use of Course Web Sites. Panel at the ACM SIGCSE 34th Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, Reno, Nevada. pdf
  • Börner, Katy, Chen, Chaomei, and Boyack, Kevin. (2003) Visualizing Knowledge Domains. In Blaise Cronin (Ed.), Annual Review of Information Science & Technology, Volume 37, Medford, NJ: Information Today, Inc./American Society for Information Science and Technology, chapter 5, pp. 179-255. Table of Contents, Figures pdf
  • Katy Börner and Javed Mostafa (2002) Towards an Infrastructure for Large-Scale Information Analysis, Visualization, Information Retrieval Research & Education, I-Light Presentation, University Place Conference Center, Indianapolis, IN. pdf
  • Rasmussen E., Atkins H. B., Börner K., McCain K. W. Visualizing knowledge domains. ASIST 2002: Proceedings of the ASIST Annual Meeting 39: 476-477, Information Today Inc., Medford, 2002.
top Project ENABLE: Learning through Associations in a Grid based Bioinformatics Digital Library (Sept 2003 - Aug 2005)

Investigators: Javed Mostafa, Katy Börner, Donald G. Gilbert, Snehasis, Mukhopadhyay, Mathew J. Palakal
Collaborators: Kevin Boyack, Sandia National Laboratories pics pics

ENABLE is an acronym for Extensible Networked Association-based Bioinformatics Learning Environment. The main objectives of this project are: (1) Association-based learning - Gaining an understanding of relationships among bioinformatics resources, data, and tools is a major barrier for students in the field. We refer to this level as the "informational level". Beyond this level, one of the fundamental skills bioinformaticians must master is establishing associations among key biological objects such as genes, proteins, diseases, and drugs. We refer to this as the "knowledge level". ENABLE will develop powerful visualization based approaches to help students learn about associations both at the information and knowledge levels. (2) Extending DL technologies - ENABLE will focus on both collection management and end user services. The project will offer opportunities to understand the applicability of present DL technologies to the domain of bioinformatics and adapt the technologies to support both collection management and end user services in this domain. (3) DL with Grid computing integration and sustainability - There is an inherent need in this domain to develop extensible networked resources. An integrated environment consisting of merging DL and Grid computing technologies will be created to meet the need. A partnership established with the university's Digital Libraries Program will ensure long-term sustainability of the ENABLE system.

Enable data set
Supported by: National Science Foundation under DUE-0333623.nsf logo


  • Ketan Mane and Katy Börner. (2004) Mapping Topics and Topic Bursts in PNAS. PNAS, 101(Suppl. 1):5287-5290. Also available as cond-mat/0402380. pdf
  • Ketan Mane & Katy Börner. Mapping Topics and Topic Bursts in PNAS. Accepted for PNAS as part of the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, 2003.
top Mapping Aging Research, NIH Demo Fund (Aug 2001 - Dec 2002)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU
Collaborators: Kevin Boyack, Sandia National Laboratories


This research aims to analyze and visualize the impact of governmental funding on the amount and quality of research publications. For the first time, grant and publication data appear interlinked in one map. Resulting visualizations show an information landscape of aging-related data - providing NIH with a tool to discover general patterns and trends.

Supported by: National Institute of Health NIH Logo


top Information Visualization Software Repository (2000 - present)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU
Collaborators: Jason Baumgartner, Yuezheng Zhou

IV Repository  

We believe that education and research on Information Visualization (IV) could be considerably enhanced if a general IV software repository was created. The repository would not only facilitate sharing, evaluation, and comparison of algorithms and software but also reduce the time and effort spent for repeatedly re-implementing algorithms.
In Fall 2000, we started to develop a software repository that could be used by students taking the L697 IV course to learn about IV by designing IVs. The repository is intended to complement the theoretical study of specific IV algorithms and the critique and evaluation of existing applications.
Currently, we are in the process of implementing an XML-based interchange format  for all Java software packages currently covered in the IV repository.  The new factory and interface classes will allow all software packages to implement and to use a standard XML format and ensure that packages can be easily interchanged, compared, and combined. In addition, simple configurations of the XML input format should suffice to use the packages in a wide variety of applications.

Supported by: SBC (formerly Ameritech) Fellow Grant May 2003-June 2004.


  • The software repository is accessible at http://iv.slis.indiana.edu/.
  • Jason Baumgartner, Katy Börner, Nathan J. Deckard, Nihar Sheth (2003) An XML Toolkit for an Information Visualization Software Repository. Interactive poster, IEEE Information Visualization Conference. pdf
  • Jesse M. Heines, Katy Börner, Melody Ivory & Ed Gehringer (2003) The Development, Maintenance, and Use of Course Web Sites. Panel at the ACM SIGCSE 34th Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, Reno, Nevada, Feb 19-23.pdf
  • Baumgartner, J. & Börner, K (2002) Towards an XML Toolkit for a Software Repository Supporting Information Visualization Education. IEEE Information Visualization Conference, Boston, MA. Interactive Poster. pdf
  • Börner, K. & Zhou, Y. (2001) A Software Repository for Education and Research in Information Visualization. Information Visualisation Conference, London, England, July 25-27, pp. 257-262. (http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/~katy/IV2001b/pdf
The repository was first used in the L697 InfoVis class in Spring 2001 and resulted in the subsequently listed papers:
  • Fletcher, George , Sheth, Hardik and Börner, Katy. (2004). Unstructured Peer-to-Peer Networks: Topological Properties and Search Performance. Third International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and MUlti-Agent Systems. W6: Agents and Peer-to-Peer Computing, Moro, Gianluca, Bergmanschi, Sonia and Aberer, Karl, Eds., New York, July 19-23, pp. 2-13. pdf
  • Kutz, Daniel O. (2004) Examining the Evolution and Distribution of Patent Classifications. IV2004 Conference, London, UK, pp. 983-988. pdf
  • Ke, Weimao, Börner, Katy and Viswanath, Lalitha. (2004). Analysis and Visualization of the IV 2004 Contest Dataset. Poster Compendium, IEEE Information Visualization Conference, pp. 49-50, 2004. This entry won first place in the InfoVis 2004 Contest. pdf
  • Sheth, Nihar, Börner, Katy, Baumgartner, Jason, Mane, Ketan, Wernert, Eric. (2003). Treemap, Radial Tree and 3D Tree Visualizations. Poster Compendium, IEEE Information Visualization Conference, pp. 128-129, 2003. This entry won second place in the InfoVis 2003 Contest. pdf
  • Junliang Zhang, Javed Mostafa & Himansu Tripathy (2002) Information Retrieval by Semantic Analysis and Visualization of the Concept Space of D-Lib Magazine. D-Lib Magazine, Volume 8, Number 10, October 2002. Demo
  • Jason Baumgartner & Tim Waugh (2002) Roget2000: A 2D hyperbolic tree visualization of Roget's Thesaurus. Poster presented at SPIE Conference on Visualization and Data Analysis, January 20-25, 2002, San Jose, CA, USA. pdf Jason Baumgartner received the SLIS Hammitt Scholarship award of $1,000 for this work. (Demo1, Demo2)
  • Larry Mongin, Javed Mostafa, and John Fieber (2001) Using a Spring Embedding Algorithm to Display Term Relationships from a Medical Concept Discovery System. Poster at the 2001 Annual Conference of the American Medical Informatics Association, pp. 661-662. pdf
  • John Paolillo & David Heald (2002) Democratic Participation in the Discursive Management of Usenet. 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-35 2002), CD-ROM / Abstracts Proceedings, 7-10 January 2002, Big Island, HI, USA. IEEE Computer Society, 2002 - Track 4. pdf
  • Ying Feng & Katy Börner: Using Semantic Treemaps to Categorize and Visualize Bookmark Files. In Visualization and Data Analysis 2002. Robert F. Erbacher, Philip C. Chen, Matti Grohn, Jonathan C. Roberts, Craig M. Wittenbrink (eds), January 20-25, 2002, San Jose, CA, USA, Proceeding of SPIE, Volume 4665, pp. 218-227. pdf
top Collaborative Information Visualizations
Twin-Worlds - Memory Palaces & Mirror Gardens (2001-2002)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU
Collaborators: Sy-Miaw Lin, Yu-Chen Lin, Maggie Swan, Min Xiao


iPalace and iGarden are 'twin worlds' used to design and evaluate a shared resource of online documents for faculty and students at the School of Library and Information Science at Indiana University. It will be seeded with about 8,000 links to online documents (text, images, video, software demonstrations, etc.). The links will be collected from personal favorites or bookmark lists. About 300 people will have access to this space although we expect less than 20 to be logged on at any point in time.
The iPalace world aims to support efficient and intuitive information access and management and consists of semantically organized online documents laid out in a 3-D space. Its users can collaboratively examine, discuss, and modify (add/delete resources, annotate) documents, thereby converting this document space into an ever-evolving repository of the user community's collective knowledge that members can access, learn from, contribute to, and build upon. The space becomes a shared 'Memory Palace' representing a common understanding of different theories by the community.
The iGarden - officially 'Mirror Garden' - world visualizes user interaction data such as navigation, manipulation, chatting, and Web access activity. It is created based on mined web logs that have been collected in the Memory Palace. It can be used to evaluate the effectiveness and usability, to optimize design properties, or to examine the evolving user community of a world.

Supported by: Center for Innovative Learning Technologies (CILT) grant for "Building Blocks for Virtual Worlds: Design Principles for a Starter Kit for Educational Virtual Worlds." Proposal with Margaret Corbit, Cornell University and Donnie DeVarco, VLearn3D SIG of Contact Consortium. Aug. 2002 - March 2003.


  • Virtual Worlds webpage http://vw.indiana.edu
  • i-Palace webpage http://vw.indiana.edu/i-Palace/
  • i-Garden webpage http://vw.indiana.edu/i-Garden/
  • Katy Börner (2003) Computers and Knowledge Sharing. In Christensen, Karen and David Levinson (General Editors). Encyclopedia of Community: From the Village to the Virtual World, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 314-316.pdf
  • Susan Herring, Katy Börner, and Maggie Swan: Collaboration and Communication in a 3-D Virtual World. forthcoming.
  • Susan Herring, Katy Börner & Maggie Swan: Spatial reference in communication in a 3-D virtual world. Invited Colloquium on Language and the New Media, British Association of Applied Linguistics, Cardiff, Wales, August 5, 2002.
  • Katy Börner, Ying Feng & Tamara McMahon (2002) Collaborative Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries. Marchionini, G. & Hersh, W. (eds), Second ACM+IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, July 14-18, Portland, Oregon, USA, ACM Press, pp. 279-280. pdf
  • Katy Börner, Richie Hazlewood & Sy-Miaw Lin (2002) Visualizing the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of User Interaction Data Collected in Three-Dimensional Virtual Worlds. Sixth International Conference on Information Visualization, London, England, July 10-12, IEEE Press, pp. 25-31. pdf
  • Katy Börner, Yu-Chen Lin, Brian S. Horvitz, and William R. Hazlewood: Social Visualizations that Aim to Improve the Efficacy of Educational Three-Dimensional Virtual Worlds.  Unpublished manuscript.
  • Tamara Misenor McMahon & Katy Börner (2001) A Study on the Effects of Web Page Panel Size and Layout Density on Information Access in a 3-Dimensional Collaborative Virtual World. Unpublished manuscript.
  • Yu-Chen Lin & Katy Börner (2001) Social Visualizations of User Interaction Data Collected in 3-Dimensional Virtual Worlds. Unpublished manuscript.
  • Katy Börner: Twin Worlds: Augmenting, Evaluating, and Studying Three-Dimensional Digital Cities and Their Evolving Communities. In Makoto Tanabe, Peter van den Besselaar, and Toru Ishida (eds), Digital Cities II: Computational and Sociological Approaches, Springer Verlag, LNCS 2362, pp. 256-269, 2002. pdfSLIDES
  • Börner, K. & Lin, Y-C. (2001) Visualizing Chat Log Data Collected in 3-D Virtual Worlds. Information Visualisation Conference, London, England, July 25-27, pp. 141-146. (http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/~katy/IV2001a/pdf
  • Katy Börner (2001) Adaptation and Evaluation of 3-Dimensional Collaborative Information Visualizations. Accepted for Workshop on Empirical Evaluations of Adaptive Systems, 8th International Conference on User Modeling, Bavaria, Germany. July 13-17, pp. 33-40. pdf
top iScape: Information Landscape (2000-2001)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU


The iScape world is dedicated to the analysis and visual display of information for teaching and research purposes.
The Internet is developing into a collective memory of human knowledge. Global connectivity leads to the decentralization of information storage, processing, and access. However, the common way to access Digital Libraries or the Web is a text-based query issued by a single user and typically resulting in a potentially very long list of matching documents or webpages.  iScape is a shared virtual desktop world dedicated to the analysis, the visual display, and the collaborative exploration and management of information. Data mining and information visualization techniques are applied to extract and visualize semantic relationships in search results. Active World technology is exploited to facilitate complex and sophisticated human-computer and human-human interaction.


  • iScape webpage http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/~katy/iscape/
  • Chat Log iScape Welcome Party on 04-20-2000 (http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/~katy/iscape/iscape-party.html)
  • Katy Börner (2001) iScape: A collaborative memory palace for digital library search results. Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, New Orleans, LA, August 5-10, M. J. Smith, G. Salvendy, D. Harris, R. J. Koubek (Eds) Usability Evaluation and Interface Design, Volume 1, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, London, pp. 1160-1164. pdf
top iUniverse: A Collaborative Information Universe for IU (2000/2001)

Investigator: Katy Börner, SLIS, IU
Collaborators: Christopher Essex & Brian Horvitz, School of Education, IU


The proposed project aims to establish one of the most sophisticated interface technologies for desktop computers at IU. The technology, a "3D Virtual Reality Chat & Design Tool" by Activeworlds.com, Inc. allows building compelling, multi-modal, multi-user, navigable, collaborative virtual environments in 3D that are inhabited by avatars (acting as placeholders for human users) and provide means for interacting with the objects in the environment, with embedded information sources and services or with other users and visitors of the environment.

It will be used in the L578 User Interface Design course taught at SLIS in Fall 2000 to build effective human-computer interfaces inside VR environments that are linked to traditional web-based material. Students taking this course would be taught how to design multi-modal, collaborative environments composed of 3D models, textures, images, sounds, and music. During their final project, students would create teaching areas in collaboration with faculty on campus and thus contribute to an "iUniverse" that is dedicated to providing access to instructional material, the Internet's "library" of information, as well as spaces for (course-related) communication and collaboration. AWT will also be used in some lab sections of L542 Introduction to Human Computer Interaction (Fall 2000 and Spring 2001)as well as in L697 a Special Topics Course on Information Visualizationin Spring 2001.

Specific formative and summative course evaluations will be conducted in collaboration with Christopher Essex, School of Education, IU. They will be targeted towards the improvement of course materials and procedures, and to make the AWT activities as effective, efficient, and educational as possible.
Based on the experience with these courses, a workshop will be conducted inside the created virtual "iUniverse" to teach interested faculty how to use AWT.

Supported by: Indiana University's IU's High Performance Network Applications Programhpnap (proposal), an Academic Equipment Grant by SUN MicrosystemsSun, and IU's Advanced Visualization Lab.


HPNAP Grant Proposal: http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/~katy/iUniverse
top LVis: Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries (1999/2000)

Investigators: Katy Börner & Andrew Dillon, SLIS & Margaret Dolinsky, School of Fine Arts, IU
Student collaborators: Andy Clune, Computer Science Dept & Cognitive Science, Ryan Schnitzlein, Computer Science, Hosang Cheon, MIME Program, Department of Telecommunication, Kevin Kowalewsky, UITS, José A. Montalvo, SLIS, Sumayya A. Ansari, SLIS, and Tyler Waite, SLIS.

Area: information visualization, digital libraries, multimodal interaction, virtual reality interfaces


The project LVis (Digital Library Visualizer) aims at the support of the navigation through complex information spaces. It provides a multi-modal, virtual reality interface that maps data stored in digital libraries onto an "information landscape". This landscape can then be explored by human users in a natural manner that will support efficient search through related articles. The first 2-D and 3-D prototype visualizes search results from the Dido Image Bank http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/collections/dido/, Department of the History of Art, IU.

See also Information Visualization at SLIS: http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/~katy/InfoVis

Supported by: Indiana University's IU's High Performance Network Applications Programhpnap. See also funded projects at http://www.indiana.edu/~uits/hpnap/projects/borner.html.
The JCDL WS was sponsored by VRCO Virtual Reality Software & Consulting vrco.